10 November 2016

Open JSC «Pella» has delivered to the Customer the first longliner built in Russia

Open JSC «Leningrad Shipyard «Pella» at its own costs has designed and built at the Shipyard’s new complex modern high-efficiency fishing vessel with ice class intended for longline fishing of deep sea fish in the Barents Sea and the North Atlantic.

The main dimensions of the longliner:
Length overall 47,5 m
Overall width 12 m
Draught 5, 88 m
Speed 12,5 knots
Endurance by food store and fuel capacity 25 days
Cruising range 6000 miles
Cargo freezing hold, net volume 462 m3
Class notation КМ(*)Ice2 AUT1 Fishing Vessel by Russian Maritime Register of Shipping

Advanced experience of world shipbuilding in designing, building and operation of modern longliners has been taking into account during documentation developing. The main design solutions were adapted to the Russian Maritime Register of Shipping requirements by the Shipyard’s design department efforts.
The project provides for applying of more efficient and resource-saving method of bottom fish catching and creates favourable and safer conditions for crew work during fishing.
It is known that hard if not impossible to catch bottom fish such as codfish, haddock, wolfish, halibut and others by trawl, as almost all big fish ably avoid trawl. Such big fish can be caught by modern automated longliners using ancient fish catching method of the Pomors (coast dwellers of Arkhangels region) - longline on long rope (mainline) with snoods and hooks.
The fishing gear includes special autoline supplied by Norwegian company «Mustad». The autoline represents kind of automated «fishing rod» with 57 000 hooks and length about 30 km.
There is precious few modern longliners in Russia. 95% of sea fish volumes in the Barents Sea are caught by trawlers.

The main advantages of modern longliners are the following:

  • specific fuel rate for 1 ton of caught fish is 2 times less compared to bottom trawlers operating at the moment as there is no need in high capacity of vessel’s propulsion.
  • Longliners are resource-saving as they catch mainly big old aged bottom fish feeding with codfish and haddock juveniles like predator. According to scientists bottom trawls using destroys ecological environment of juveniles of codfish, haddock, halibut and others types of fish. It negatively influence fish reproduction.
  • Bottom fish caught by longline has high quality as it is not squeezed and traumatized by trawl net. Such fish is in high demand for selling in Russia and for export.
  • Resource-saving longliners of ice class fit for catching of one of the most expensive fishes in the world – toothfish – in Antarctida.

    Longliners serial construction is very prospective as they make it possible to use marine bioresources of the country more rationally. It is important factor taking into account increasingly restrictive international environment requirements, interdiction to use bottom trawl in Norway and in some other countries especially in coastal zone.
    High level of the vessel automation corresponds to notation AUT 1 requirements of Russian Maritime Register of Shipping and makes it possible to navigate the vessel by one person from pilot room without engine-room watch. This advantage along with high automation of fishing and fish processing equipment allow to carry out all vessel’s purposes by crew not more than 16 persons. Additionally, it is provided accommodation of 4 scientists for solving of scientific problems connected with underexploited water resources.
    Central control post in pilot room is equipped with all navigation, fish-detecting gears and radio communication equipment, as well as necessary automation, signaling and video monitoring devices. Three separate fish detecting devices are provided on the vessel. The upper deck is equipped with two cargo cranes manufactured by Austrian company Palfinger for cargo operations. All mechanisms installed on the vessel meet the Russian Maritime Register of Shipping requirements.
    A new vessel outfitting along with high-quality works, what is «the landmark» of Open JSC «Leningrad Shipyard «Pella», have become the cogent arguments for big Norwegian Customer, the Owner of PL-475 project vessel.
    It is necessary to particularly note that Open JSC «Pella» was building the first loingliner in Russia for delivery to Russan Customer from Murmansk under realization of Program for Field research of some regions in the Barents Sea inaccessible for trawl fishing. The Program was agreed with scientists of sectoral research institutes of the Federal Agency for Fishery (Rosrybolovstvo). Fishing survey and resources studies in the regions on the longliner had to scientifically confirm and prove availability of underexploited resources of old aged and big bottom fish. But the providing of necessary quotas for resource researches hasn’t been issued to the Russian Customer.
    Unfortunately, despite of recommendations of scientists of the Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) and the Supervisory Board of «Agency for Strategic Initiatives to Promote New Projects» national Customer have failed to appreciate advantages of modern fishing vessels building in Russia and they prefer to buy vessel abroad or continue to use out of date vessels. It doesn’t contribute to solve the problem of technical modernization of Russian fishing fleet.

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